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Patented Formula

Cellulose fibres

ZEOFORM is produced using a patented formula that duplicates nature’s ‘glue-free’ process of hydroxyl bonding.

In scientific terms, cellulose is derived from D-glucose units – multiple hydroxyl groups on glucose chains form hydrogen bonds with oxygen atoms on neighboring chains, holding chains firmly together side-by-side and forming microfibrils with high tensile strength.

Microfibrils are meshed into a carbohydrate matrix, conferring rigidity to plant cells.

In plain English – Cellulose fibres stick together in water and with the creation of ZEOFORM we have discovered a way to exploit this, much like nature has, to make a moulding material that sets as strong as ebony.

What is Cellulose?

Cellulose is the most common organic compound on Earth, with one third of all plant matter containing cellulose (cotton = 90%, wood = 40–50%, hemp = 75%).

Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants, many forms of algae and oomycetes (species of mould). Some bacteria secrete cellulose to form biofilms and other functional attributes.

Cellulose was discovered in 1838 by the French chemist Anselme Payen, who isolated it from plant matter and determined its chemical formula. Cellulose was used to produce the first successful thermoplastic polymer – celluloid – by Hyatt Manufacturing Company in 1870. Hermann Staudinger determined the polymer structure of cellulose in 1920. In this form, cellulose has been called ‘nature’s plastic’.

For industrial use, cellulose is primarily obtained from wood pulp and cotton, used mainly to produce paper and paperboard.

To a lesser extent cellulose is used in a wide variety of derivative products (eg cellophane and rayon) and industries (pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food and others).