FAQ

We have compiled a list of our most asked questions, please read on.

We are busy making Zeoform now, but due to Covid 19 our operation was halted. We will be able to send samples in September 2020.

Yes, if products are made with plastic composites or made from wood fibres, then in short we can make it with Zeoform. We have many variations of how the material can be used, but if you are curious, Zeoform competes favourably for compression and tensile strength, hardness and durability etc – without using any toxic ingredients.

Zeoform is very strong, durable and can be made from any cellulosic materials, therefore Zeoform is the the best material solution to create and promote a sustainable and circular system.  Zeoform can be made from waste paper and cardboard, waste vegetable fibres, agricultural waste.

Our weaknesses are always seen as strengths for us at Zeoform.  We believe as a business that our material should never be mixed with any toxic polymers that change the integrity of our business and our material.  Therefore Zeoform might not be suitable for certain solutions that traditional polymer binders or coatings would be used.

More technical based questions

Zeoform is not just one material – but many – It can be made from a material as light as styrofoam to as dense as a hardwood. 

The density range covered by Zeoform materials starts with Low Density Zeoform LD at 0.5 g/cm3 at the lower reaching up to 1.5 g/cm3 for High Density Zeoform HD at the upper end (it should also be mentioned that density values as low as 0.3 g/cm3 may be obtained for porous Zeoform types). For comparison, at the lower end of the Zeoform density range, chipboard reveals a density of approximately 0.7 g/cm3, while PVC and PF-HM show density values of 1.4 g/cm3, close to the upper end of the range of Zeoform materials. PE-HD, with 0.95 g/cm3, shows a density in the mid-range of densities covered Zeoform materials.

The process we use at Zeoform is 3D printing.  Certain technology and machinery would be involved to automate the process of making a Zeoform product.

The most compelling factor of Zeoform is that it will fully biodegrade and return back to nature over time.  There is no need to send Zeoform materials or products to special facilities for degradation but we know personally Zeoform will fully biodegrade in the garden or compost over a period of 1 year. This will depend upon the following variables, heat, moisture and light.  The timeframe could be accelerated or decelerated due to extremes in the variables.

Many factors influence the answer. What type of Zeoform? What feedstock? How much energy was used to generate the feedstock? The feedstock then needs to be processed into a microfiber-pulp using a specific grinding energy of 0.35 to 1.75 kWh/kg.

Note: The mechanical milling of Zeoform generates waste heat that may be captured, stored and used for further production.

Yes.  The use of custom built machinery allows water to drain and Zeoform to cure predictably.

At present, Zeoform can be coated and sealed with conventional (chemical) paints, oils, varnishes and epoxies and other resins. However, we are focused on providing a ‘planet-friendly’ range of coatings and sealers, in partnership with companies, universities and research labs around the globe.

92% evaporation from wet pulp state yields a dry hard material with 8% retained humidity. To clarify, ALL cellulose contains a small fraction of water, approximately 8%.

Zeoform can achieve high strength-to-weight ratio materials with very light weights – (0.3gm / cm3), making it suitable for panels, bulking components and blanks for products or further shaping. Panels can be produced in numerous weights, shapes and with hard Zeoform skins (of varying thickness) for conventional (eg insulation) and specialised applications (surfboard, sporting equipment etc).

It is important to understand that Zeoform is not one material – but many. It can be engineered to suit specific applications. Many applications have a high added value and can absorb a considerably higher price. Having said that, most feedstocks, such as de-inked waste paper and hemp fibre, have a market/ commodity price. Paper pulp can be around US$700 tonne. Other costs of producing Zeoform are the energy used, labour costs, rent, and the amortization costs of financing the plant and equipment.

Many factors come into play here. What form are you selling the Zeoform material in? Sheets/boards? Granules? Wet pulp? What volumes are you selling? How far away from your market are you? Who are your competitors? What are your customers making from Zeoform and how much value are they adding to the raw material?

Our Australian R&D / Artisan factory sold hemp pulp to a customer for US$70kg ($154lb) dry weight. The local customer made didgeridoos with a wholesale price of US$250kg ($550lb). In this case Zeoform Australia could afford to pay US$10kg ($22lb) for the hemp cellulose fibre.



Technical data sheet